How to Deal with Keratoconus – Treatment Options

Keratoconus is a condition in which the clear dome shaped surface of the eye, referred to as the cornea, becomes weakened and begins to become cone shaped. This weakness and shape change is a result of thinning of the cornea. As the cornea becomes cone shaped the ability to focus diminishes. Most cases of keratoconus occur in both eyes and progresses slowly for a span of about 10 years or more.
 
What If I am Diagnosed?
Although being diagnosed with keratoconus can be frightening, there are ways to treat this condition. Doctors can now diagnose this condition before symptoms occur so the condition can be addressed in its early stages. This is done with the help of corneal topography, aberrometry measurements, and other testing.
 
Keratoconus Treatment Options
There are several treatment options for keratoconus. These can be something as simple as glasses, specialized contact lenses, to surgical procedreus such as crosslinking. Treatments for this condition include:

  • Keratoconus glassesb/bsoft contact lenses

Glasses or contact lenses can correct blurry and/or distorted vision in the early stages of keratoconus. Although a solution, as a patient’s corneal shape begins to change the prescription also has to be adjusted.

  • Scleral contact lenses

Scleral lenses are useful for patients with irregular corneal changes seen in advanced keratoconus. Scleral lenses differ from traditional contacts because they sit on the sclera (white part of the eye) and does not make contact with the cornea.

  • Cross linking

Cross linking involves having riboflavin drops applied to the cornea which is then followed by UVA light exposure. This works by increasing the strength of the cornea with the intent to decrease further weakening and deformation.

  • Corneal transplant

Although considered a last option, corneal transplants have been proven to be very successful. A corneal transplant is a surgical procedure in which a damaged cornea is replaced by corneal tissue from a donor.
 
Overall, dealing with keratoconus is much easier with the help of a doctor who specializes in keratoconus. It is important to know that although you have been diagnosed with this condition there are options to help correct your vision. During its early stages vision can be corrected by glasses or soft contacts. As it progresses your doctor will inform you of your options which may include Scleral lenses, cross linking, surgery or one of the many other treatments available.


 

For more information on how treating keratoconus can enhance your overall quality of life, check out this video testimonial from a recent patient…